Natural Gas: What Is It?

May 23, 2013 By Nisha, 11
nisha's picture

Natural gas is methane. It is non-renewable. Methane is a chemical compound with a chemical formula of CH4. Methane is the main component of natural gas and is a greenhouse gas.

What it is used for and how it is found?

Compared to other fuels, burning methane produces less carbon dioxide. If methane is in the form of compressed natural gas, it is used as a vehicle fuel. Methane in that form is more environmentally friendly than other fossil fuels like gasoline and diesel. Methane is also important for electrical generation if you burn it as a fuel in a gas turbine. In many cities methane is used for cooking purposes too.

In 1776, a man named Alessandro Volta discovered methane on Lake Maggiore. While he was boating on the lake, his boat went along sides some reeds. Volta began poking at the muddy bottom of the lake. Then he collected some of this stuff and discovered it was inflammable.

What is methane and natural gas used for?

Methane is used to produce steel, glass, paper, clothing, brick, and electricity. It can be used as a raw material for many common items that are paints, fertilizer, plastics, antifreeze, dyes, photographic film, medicine and explosives.

A little bit more than half the homes in the United States use natural gas as their main heating fuel. It is also used in homes in fuel stoves, water heaters, dryers and other household things. 


Shravan Prasath's picture
Shravan Prasath December 8, 2021 - 4:07pm
anthonyh's picture
anthonyh May 27, 2015 - 11:15am

very cool.

iChristian's picture
iChristian October 29, 2014 - 12:07pm

Neat! :D

CLAwesome101's picture
CLAwesome101 August 12, 2013 - 5:18am

That's so cool, how he found that the muddy substance was inflammable!

Rafah's picture
Rafah August 4, 2013 - 11:50am


sarchita's picture
sarchita July 31, 2013 - 10:37am
Interesting and informative!
Ayeshaazra's picture
Ayeshaazra July 15, 2013 - 7:46am


tabah's picture
tabah May 27, 2013 - 4:12am

This article is really interesting,good job.

Rachel Catherine's picture
Rachel Catherine May 26, 2013 - 2:52pm
Fantastic job!
supernova's picture
supernova May 26, 2013 - 12:43pm

Interesting...I find it cool that a lot of things were discovered by accident.

Tryn28's picture
Tryn28 May 24, 2013 - 12:37pm
cana's picture
cana May 24, 2013 - 12:31pm

sooo cool

dolphingirl's picture
dolphingirl May 24, 2013 - 9:09am
Very informative