The Science Of Baking

Sep 4, 2014 By Nandini, 10
mukundnandini's picture

Baking is a both a science and an art. This article explains the science behind it.

In any baking recipe every ingredient has a purpose. For example, in a cake flour gives the structure, eggs bind the ingredients, baking powder and baking soda make it rise, fats like butter and oil make it less chewy, and sugar sweetens and keeps it moist.

Function of each ingredient

Baking soda and powder make baked goods rise. How does it do that? When mixed in batter, it makes carbon dioxide bubbles that help the cake to rise. As the cake bakes, the gas bubbles get trapped in the batter, which makes the cake light and fluffy.

Eggs help bind ingredients together. When it’s heated, the protein in the egg opens up and helps bind by making the batter into a semi-solid state. It also prevents crumbling and gives a smooth creamy texture.

Fats make our treats less chewy. They are awesome tenderizers. They coat the proteins in the flour, which prevents them from mixing with water and forming gluten.

Sugar adds sweetness and moistens our treats.

Flour gives the base and structure. There are 2 types of protein in flour called glutenin and gliadin. When water is added to the flour, the proteins come together and form a new protein called gluten. Later, inside the oven, the proteins and starches in the flour turn into a sturdy structure.

Every ingredient also needs to follow a certain proportion. For example if you put too much baking powder, the cake can crack. And if you put too little, it will be chewy and dense. Infact, once I put too much eggs in my cake batter and the cake became hard and heavy :(

Any system can function only if all it's parts do their job. The same principle applies to baking. Like with everything else, practice makes perfect. Most people follow a recipe when baking. As they get familiar with it, they tweak it to get better and better results. But to decide what to tweak, you need to first understand the science of baking!


vvanruymbeke's picture
vvanruymbeke January 12, 2022 - 2:28pm
vvanruymbeke's picture
vvanruymbeke January 12, 2022 - 2:28pm
Very cool
25pagea's picture
25pagea September 28, 2018 - 8:33am

It is really cool how science gos right along with baking. I love both Science and Baking! I want to leaarn more. I never knew how all the ingrediants had their own part of baking a cake, But I always wondered that!

Meghan's picture
Meghan December 10, 2016 - 6:05pm

Thanks to this I finally understand baking(:   (:   (:   (:   (;    

Livvy.vr's picture
Livvy.vr November 2, 2016 - 3:28am

This is very interesting because baking tastes so good, even better when you made it because you know what you put in it and how it works.

ilyas2's picture
ilyas2 April 19, 2016 - 5:09am

Baking is very fun to do you learn new things almost every day which make it more fun to do.

angela5's picture
angela5 February 2, 2016 - 9:51am

this story is a good story I want more

gracem3's picture
gracem3 January 29, 2016 - 4:59am

I take culinary classes at Harkness Bocces.

Lauren T's picture
Lauren T August 22, 2015 - 2:45am
daniw2's picture
daniw2 May 18, 2015 - 12:11pm

I never knew that baking was science. I thought it was all math.

4Bs's picture
4Bs May 13, 2015 - 1:07pm

I love to bake. I wanted for a long time to have my own bakery. I'm more into art and writing now but its my favorite hobby. I did a project called Yummy Science. I learned a lot from doing it. Just typing this makes me tummy growl. LOL. Love it.

devonm3's picture
devonm3 May 13, 2015 - 12:04pm

i bake all the time for my friends

BookLover15's picture
BookLover15 April 24, 2015 - 3:27pm


julietter's picture
julietter March 4, 2015 - 8:55am


aidenh2's picture
aidenh2 March 2, 2015 - 12:00pm

I read this and thought it was going to be bad because it was made by a 10 year old, then I read it and it was amazing.

anthonyh's picture
anthonyh April 30, 2015 - 10:05am


devin7's picture
devin7 March 2, 2015 - 11:49am

that made me hugry

cristianm2's picture
cristianm2 March 2, 2015 - 11:44am

The reason why i read this article is because i love food

anthonyh's picture
anthonyh February 27, 2015 - 11:27am

never knew this

nutsag's picture
nutsag February 27, 2015 - 4:22am

thats wierd

Smilebunny's picture
Smilebunny February 21, 2015 - 4:29pm


julietter's picture
julietter February 10, 2015 - 8:05am


shawnj3's picture
shawnj3 February 3, 2015 - 6:55pm
cool now I want cookies. :-)
Zcat's picture
Zcat January 26, 2015 - 2:43pm

Can you send me some food? LOL

andrewd2's picture
andrewd2 January 26, 2015 - 6:34am


graysonc's picture
graysonc January 23, 2015 - 10:52am

i love cookeis

rileym4's picture
rileym4 January 15, 2015 - 9:57am
I love baking.
fluffybirds123's picture
fluffybirds123 January 6, 2015 - 4:52pm

I never knew that baking is science! Well I never knew reading about baking could make me so hungry...

Sumanth123's picture
Sumanth123 December 29, 2014 - 7:40am

I thought that fats and sugar would make the cake bigger,actually!lots of cool facts

matthewc7's picture
matthewc7 December 15, 2014 - 11:59am


giannio's picture
giannio December 13, 2014 - 9:36pm

cooking is not my type of thing

phineus111222233333444555's picture
phineus11122223... December 6, 2014 - 3:51pm

I wish i could have some.

cassiew's picture
cassiew November 27, 2014 - 11:44am

YUM but toooooo much sugar!:(

shreyav2's picture
shreyav2 November 23, 2014 - 5:47pm

I love to bake I bake a lot

mackenzie123's picture
mackenzie123 November 21, 2014 - 11:41am

cool but i don't like baking

rmorr1's picture
rmorr1 November 21, 2014 - 7:08am

cool! i bake all the time and yes i habve screwd up 99.99% of the time

kairicox's picture
kairicox November 14, 2014 - 11:40am

all of the baking is makeing me so hungry

fluffybirds123's picture
fluffybirds123 November 10, 2014 - 3:52pm

Yummy yummy in my tummy tummy. I love to bake! I love this article too! It makes me wanna go into my kitchen and get some cookies.....

daniellem2's picture
daniellem2 November 9, 2014 - 9:50am

I love love love Lovelovelovelove love love love love to bake

sophiar3's picture
sophiar3 November 5, 2014 - 1:40pm

i love to bake! this article makes me hungry!!!

JTL2004's picture
JTL2004 November 3, 2014 - 12:30pm

soooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo cool but a recipe would be nice

rever's picture
rever November 2, 2014 - 5:19am

Most baked things are good. + cool article.

sainh's picture
sainh November 1, 2014 - 5:42pm

Now that I think about it, the things that you need to make things are interesting!

daniellem2's picture
daniellem2 October 27, 2014 - 1:58pm


daniel12312's picture
daniel12312 October 27, 2014 - 1:55pm


iChristian's picture
iChristian October 27, 2014 - 9:29am


supernova's picture
supernova October 25, 2014 - 10:14am

Really good explanation!

basimm's picture
basimm October 23, 2014 - 3:45pm

OMG sugar rush

milaniu's picture
milaniu October 23, 2014 - 1:14pm
i love to bake but can you give me a recipe
isabellac3's picture
isabellac3 October 16, 2014 - 5:59pm

I never really considered baking as science. I only thought of it as math because of measuring. Now the more i think about it, baking really is science. I learned something new today!